Animals use animal language to communicate with humans. Animal language is a modified version of the first human language, although animals have no complexity and are less expressive. Apentaal is a way of communicating with monkeys such as bonobos, orangutans, chimpanzees and gorillas. Humans communicate with these animals through sign language, lexicograms, yerks, and physical signs. Jacques Vauclair, Francine Patterson and David Premack are well-known apental researchers. People have been using sign language for a long time. One of the main sign languages that people use is American Sign Language. Animals also use signals to express their feelings and to communicate. Vocabulary words are taken from American Sign Language for communication with monkeys. Lexigrams are symbols that represent something. The symbols are placed on a flat board called a lexigram board. The lexigram board has three panels with three hundred and eighty-four keys. These signs are mainly used to communicate with chimpanzees and bonobos. Yerkish also includes a punch key keyboard with lexigram symbols. It’s actually an artificial language. Computer keyboards are also used to help animals, as most of them easily learn to operate the keyboard.
Plastic tokens are also used to communicate with monkeys. Monkeys choose a specific signal when they want to announce something. The animal is trained in choosing the right signal. The characters have symbols or pictures. Not all monkeys learn to communicate well this way. During training, the animal is forced to learn by rewarding them with success.
Although animals do not lack vocal cords and speech organs like humans, other animals have a voice. Wild monkeys are known to talk to each other to realize the potential danger. Animal language is not as separate as human language. In human languages, the individual units come together to form a new word with meaning. So signs or sounds, in animal language, cannot be combined to become another sign or sound, whatever that means. But researchers have shown that animal language meets certain requirements. However, its validity is still disputed by many, and therefore the status of real speech is not attributed to the beast.
People question the apentaal custom. Researchers are trying to understand whether the use of this language can help animals better solve the problem. Also if the monkey’s learning experience can be used the way human children learn. This is because there is undoubtedly a difference in the abilities of an animal and a human, because they can be similar at one level or another. Some say monkeys don’t really understand the language, but instead do a clever trick to get a reward. Some research also says that a signed action cannot create a grammatically correct sentence. Randomness is sometimes lost, meaning that there is no clear relationship between signals or sounds.
Many animals have characteristics similar to those we are talking about. They can understand a language, they can also express their thoughts and communicate with someone. In addition to monkeys, animals such as sea lions and dolphins use sign language and singing to communicate with humans.