Metabolic bone diseases in exotic animals
In addition to diseases caused by bacterial and viral infections, diseases can also be caused by a lack of proper nutrition in food. Metabolic bone disease is caused by a lack of vitamin D, calcium and phosphorus. The condition worsens if the problem is not treated for a long time. The main cause of this disease is improper care of the nutritional needs of animals. According to some doctors, high consumption of egg whites can also cause the disease. Metabolic bone disease is also known by other names such as osteoporosis, cage paralysis, nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism, rickets, and paper bone disease. Even if the ratio between calcium and phosphorus is disturbed, the disease occurs. A balanced diet and strict supervision can result in good absorption and retention of calcium in the bones.
As long as the baby is completely dependent on breast milk, the possibility of this disease is very rare. But once she starts eating other foods and leaves breast milk altogether, she can take risks. Even animals that live in wild animals have little chance of developing metabolic bone disease. Animals can generally eat prey and meat is combined with skin, fat, feathers, bones, feathers, offal, etc. Different parts of prey provide different nutrients and the animal it feeds on a balanced diet by eating it.
The main cause of this disease is a calcium imbalance. The pieces of muscle supplied by the captive animals had low traces of calcium and high levels of phosphorus. This high level of phosphorus can reduce the body’s ability to absorb available calcium. Calcium deficiency can occur even if the animal is not fed by adult animals and only by new victims. The actual ratio of calcium to phosphorus to consumption is 20: 1. And this ratio can be reversed if only meat is fed to the captive animal, leading to nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism. What’s worse is that organs like the heart, kidneys and liver contain calcium and phosphorus in an alarming 1:44 ratio. Even if you drink too much vitamin A, it inhibits the absorption capacity of vitamin D and even calcium. Vitamin A consumption increases if the liver is fed a lot. As the amount of vitamin D required decreases, it causes rickets. In this disease, the bone density in the joints decreases and they can soften and break. Beans become more prone to pathological fractures. In addition, neuromuscular abnormalities and poor motor reflexes can also be the cause.
Calcium is essential not only for good bone growth but also for good muscle function. It also allows blood clotting, enzyme activation and enzyme activation. The function of vitamin D is to maintain the exact ratio of calcium and phosphorus in the bloodstream.
The diet should be well balanced. Twice a week, the animal should receive bones with a little meat, such as ribs, neck, leg bones, etc. Commercially designed foods already have the required composition, but it is more expensive.