Skin disorders in dogs cause a lot of discomfort and irritation to them. Moreover, any skin rash is a long lasting problem provided a good and persistent treatment is offered to your dog and that too in time. Skin disorders are substantially related to the immune system as eczema, psoriasis of scalp, yeast infection, ringworm. However, scabies is not an immune system disorder which is related to a dog skin disorder. Scabies tend to spread only through a direct contact with animals or things that are contaminated. It is therefore essential for you to observe the symptoms and cause of any skin infection before you proceed to give your dog any right treatment at the right time.
Skin diseases in dogs are most commonly observed due to infections of tick or flea, parasites or mite infestation. Other skin diseases are caused due to reaction of certain allergies, cysts and fungal infections. Cysts develop underneath the skin of a dog in the form of lumps that are non-cancerous. Besides this, a poor quality of dog food, allergy of a vaccination, psychological disorders, skin infections that are hereditary, toxic environmental pollutants, a skin allergy or a suppressed disease often leads to a skin disorder. Many fungal, parasites and bacterial infections can be well controlled and treated with a proper medication provided you initiate an early treatment for your dog so as to avoid causing any further discomfort.
When it’s time to see the vet?
The common indication of skin disorders in dogs are an itchy scalp, rashes in the skin, scabs, hairless and dryness of skin. Many skin infections may involve underlying symptoms of internal organ involvement. Other more server infections might cause visible surface symptoms in the form of a crusty skin, skin pigmentation, skin thickening, irritation and itchiness. Apart from this, a most commonly observed symptom of a dog skin disorder is the inflammation of the skin, skin lesions or sores that are accompanied by discharge. Many cysts in the skin appear in the form of tiny lumps felt beneath the skin especially more visible during palpation.
Other common symptoms are:
- Dryness of skin
- Anal problems
- Color discoloration
- Inflammation of an inner ear canal
- Skin flaking
- Foul skin odor
- Hair loss
- Scratching leading to outbreak of blood
- Blisters and pimples discharging pus or blood from the skin
- Scabs or crusts
A complete physical examination is conducted to diagnose a skin disorder in a dog. A vet might check in for any lumps on the body and the past history of skin infections and other symptoms. A vet can also diagnose any skin infection from the location like ear mite infections developing in and around the pet’s ears. A vet will also conduct a few of the blood tests that will reveal abnormalities which are currently present in the blood components. A test of skin scraping is done to obtain a pet skin or cell sample that will give an accurate result, cause and proper treatment for a skin disorder. A laboratory analysis can reveal many infections like flea or a cheyletiella skin disorder. In case there is no fungal or parasites infection, your pet will be then tested for allergies.
Besides this, there are also other essential tests that will be performed by a vet like:
- Culture tests
- Diet elimination
- Discharge laboratory analysis
It is always a better option to have a discussion with your veterinarian especially in case of adverse symptoms of a skin infection are observed in your pet, rather than trying out a self- treatment to cure it.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. What is an appropriate treatment for my dog’s skin disorder?
Ans. A vet might prescribe oral anti-inflammatory medicines as well as other topical solutions for the treatment of your dog suffering from itchy skin or a skin inflammation.
2. Do antibiotics serve as the best alternative to treat skin disorder of my dog?
Ans. Many antibiotics can control bacterial infections. However, it is essential to avoid purchasing medicines from over-the-counter and take an appropriate advice and treatment only after consulting an expert veteran who will determine the underlying cause of any skin infection that your dog is suffering with.
Things to avoid
It is a common saying that prevention is always better than a cure. You can provide a healthy and hygienic environment for your dogs especially to avoid their exposure to potential irritants and bacterial infections. You must also take care that your dog does not comes in direct contact with any such irritants as and when identified by you so as to prevent further skin inflammation.
Moreover, only a trained professional can cure an adverse skin disorder that causes discomfort, irritation and sometimes even a psychological imbalance in a dog.
So you must try not to give any home treatment to your dog especially when you are completely unaware of the cause and symptoms of a skin disorder in your dog.